• Size: About 3 to 6 mm long
  • Color: Gray or black with white markings
  • Distinctive Feature: Long legs and proboscis for sucking blood
  • Habitat: Near stagnant water, wet areas

Different Types of Mosquitoes in Quebec

Common Mosquito

The common mosquito has a brown coloration with light bands on the abdomen. It is commonly found in urban areas, especially where water stagnates, such as in gutters or old tires. This mosquito is primarily nocturnal and is a known vector of diseases like the West Nile virus.

Floodwater Mosquito

Also known as the floodwater mosquito, it is distinguished by its black and white markings on the body and legs. It is typically found in flooded areas, where it lays its eggs. This mosquito is particularly active at dusk and during the night and is known for frequently biting humans, representing a significant nuisance.

Culiseta minnesotae

The Culiseta minnesotae stands out for its larger size and dark brown hue. It is common in forests and wooded areas, laying its eggs in stagnant and shaded waters. Although it bites, this mosquito is less aggressive towards humans and prefers to feed on the blood of animals like birds.

Anopheles walkeri

The Anopheles walkeri, black or dark gray in color, is recognizable by its white spots on the wings. It favors clean and clear waters for reproduction. Although the risk is low in Quebec, this mosquito is a potential vector for malaria, raising health concerns.

Ochlerotatus canadensis

Characterized by distinctive black and white bands on its legs, the Ochlerotatus canadensis is abundant in wooded regions and marshes. It is particularly aggressive, with a tendency to bite mostly during the day.

Distinguishing Mosquitoes from Other Insects

Fruit Fly

Fruit Fly

The drosophilia, often called the “fruit fly,” is distinctly different from mosquitoes. While mosquitoes have slender bodies and clear wings, the fruit fly is rounder with red eyes and a yellow-brown body. Moreover, fruit flies are attracted to decaying fruits and sweet substances, whereas mosquitoes are primarily attracted to carbon dioxide and blood.

Phorid Fly

Phorid Fly

Phorid flies, or humpbacked flies, are distinguished from mosquitoes by their distinctive posture: they keep their abdomen raised when at rest. Additionally, they have an erratic walking movement, unlike the direct flight of mosquitoes. Phorid flies are also smaller than most mosquitoes and have shorter wings in proportion to their body.

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